Facts about Edward Thorndike USA Flag

Summary

Edward Thorndike (born as Edward Lee Thorndike in Williamsburg, Massachusetts, U.S., died in Montrose, New York) was a famous Psychologist from USA, who lived between August 31, 1874 and August 9, 1949. He became 74 years old.

Biography

Edward Lee "Ted" Thorndike was an American psychologist and pioneer in research on learning processes.

Among Thorndikes most famous contribution was his research on how cats get out of the "problem boxes." This research was an important basis for Thorndikes formulation of the "power law", "The Law of Effect." In the formulation prior to 1930 describes how the power law relationship between a stimulus and a response is strengthened or weakened, depending on the response consequences. If the response is followed by a satisfactory state of the connection between stimulus and response be strengthened, says the law. If the response is followed by an unpleasant condition, it will be weakened. After the 1930 revised Thorndike this view, arguing now that reward strengthens a relationship, while the criminal does not affect it (see Hergenhahn, 1982).

Zodiac etc.

He is born under the zodiac virgo, who is known for Analyzing, Practical, Reflective, Observation, Thoughtful. Our collection contains 25 quotes who is written / told by Edward.

Here is some other popular authors who lived in the same timeframe: Charles F. Kettering, George Will, Khaleda Zia, Clive James, Albert Schweitzer, Robert F. Kennedy, Ngo Dinh Diem, Margaret Lee Runbeck, George Matthew Adams, Joe Namath, Adlai Stevenson, John Barrymore, Arthur C. Clarke, Willie Mays, Mike Ditka, George S. Patton, Thornton Wilder, Casey Stengel, Vince Lombardi, Helen Keller

Source / external links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Thorndike

Famous quotes by Edward Thorndike (25)


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"This growth in the number, speed of formation, permanence, delicacy and complexity of associations possible for an animal reaches its acme in the case of man"
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"There is no reasoning, no process of inference or comparison; there is no thinking about things, no putting two and two together; there are no ideas - the animal does not think of the box or of the food or of the act he is to perform"
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"The dog, on the other hand, has few or no ideas because his brain acts in coarse fashion and because there are few connections with each single process"
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"Some statements concern the conscious states of the animal, what he is to himself as an inner life; others concern his original and acquired ways of response, his behavior, what he is an outside observer"
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"Psychology helps to measure the probability that an aim is attainable"
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"On the whole, the psychological work of the last quarter of the nineteenth century emphasized the study of consciousness to the neglect of the total life of intellect and character"
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"The intellectual evolution of the race consists in an increase in the number, delicacy, complexity, permanence and speed of formation of such associations"
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"So the animal finally performs in that situation only the fitting act"
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"Psychology is the science of the intellects, characters and behavior of animals including man"
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"Human education is concerned with certain changes in the intellects, characters and behavior of men, its problems being roughly included under these four topics: Aims, materials, means and methods"
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"Dogs get lost hundreds of times and no one ever notices it or sends an account of it to a scientific magazine"
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"Human folk are as a matter of fact eager to find intelligence in animals"
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"Amongst the minds of animals that of man leads, not as a demigod from another planet, but as a king from the same race"
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"The restriction of studies of human intellect and character to studies of conscious states was not without influence on a scientific studies of animal psychology"
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"It will, of course, be understood that directly or indirectly, soon or late, every advance in the sciences of human nature will contribute to our success in controlling human nature and changing it to the advantage of the common weal"
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"For origin and development of human faculty we must look to these processes of association in lower animals"
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"To the intelligent man with an interest in human nature it must often appear strange that so much of the energy of the scientific world has been spent on the study of the body and so little on the study of the mind"
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"Nowhere more truly than in his mental capacities is man a part of nature"
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"When, instead of merely associating some act with some situation in the animal way, we think the situation out, we have a set of particular feelings of its elements"
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"The un-conscious distortion of the facts is almost harmless compared to the unconscious neglect of an animal's mental life until it verges on the unusual and marvelous"
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"The function of intellect is to provide a means of modifying our reactions to the circumstances of life, so that we may secure pleasure, the symptom of welfare"
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"Human beings are accustomed to think of intellect as the power of having and controlling ideas and of ability to learn as synonymous with ability to have ideas. But learning by having ideas is really one of the rare and isolated events in nature"
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"The real difference between a man's scientific judgments about himself and the judgment of others about him is he has added sources of knowledge"
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"Just as the science and art of agriculture depend upon chemistry and botany, so the art of education depends upon physiology and psychology"
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"From the lowest animals of which we can affirm intelligence up to man this type of intellect is found"


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