Facts about Omar Khayyam

Summary

Omar Khayyam (born as Ghiyath al-Din Abul Fateh Omar Ibn Ibrahim Khayyam) was a famous Poet from Persia, who lived between May 15, 1048 and December 4, 1131. He became 83 years old.

Biography

Omar Khayym (Persian: عمر خیام) was a Persian poet, mathematician, philosopher and astronomer.

Omar Khayyam was born in Nishapur in Khorasan province in northern Iran, where he grew up and was educated. The young Omar was an eager student and rapidly excelled in mathematics, astronomy and philosophy. He spent most of his life in the Persian intellectual centers such as Samarkand and Bukhara, Balkh and Isfahan.

Khayyam wrote several works in mathematics and also a book about music, until he was 25 years. In 1070 he moved to Samarkand in Uzbekistan, where he received financial support from Kadi there, Abu Tahir, and this enabled him to write most of his famous book on algebra.

The political events of the 11th century also had guidelines for Khayyam's life. The Turkish tribes seljukkiske invaded southwest Asia in the early 1000's and eventually established a regime that included most of the region. In this unstable military empire, which also had religious problems as it tried to establish himself as a Muslim state, grew up Khayyam up.

The sultan Malik Shah seljukkiske In Jalal al-Din was based in Isfahan, and Khayyam was invited by Malik Shah I and his vesir, Nizam al-Mulk, to set up an observatory there. Along with others of the then prominent astronomers, led Khayyam scientists in their research for 18 years and produced work of exceptional quality. The political situation had stabilized to a period of peace, which allowed Khayyam dedicating themselves entirely to research. During this time he developed advanced astronomical tables and helped to reform the calendar in 1079. It was developed at the request of the sultan and his need for a new program for tax collection. Khayyam calendar, called Al-al-Jalali tarikh by the Sultan, surpassing the Gregorian calendar in accuracy. In particular, he measured the solar 365.24219858156 days, which shows that he recognized the importance of accuracy.

In 1092, a month after Nizam al-Mulk was assassinated on his way to Baghdad by the notorious Assassins Order, Sultan Malik Shah I died. This ended Khayyam peaceful existence period. His financial support was taken from him and the funds to the observatory ceased. Although calendar reform was put aside after Malik Shah Is death, Jalali calendar survived and is still used in parts of Iran and Afghanistan today.

Zodiac etc.

He is born under the zodiac taurus, who is known for Security, Subtle strength, Appreciation, Instruction, Patience. Our collection contains 11 quotes who is written / told by Omar.

Here is some other popular authors who lived in the same timeframe: Crispin Glover, Thomas Becket

Source / external links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Khayyam

Famous quotes by Omar Khayyam (11)


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"Drink! for you know not whence you came nor why: drink! for you know not why you go, nor where"
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"A loaf of bread, a jug of wine, and thou"
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"Myself when young did eagerly frequent doctor and saint, and heard great argument about it and about: but evermore came out by the same door as in I went"
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"When I want to understand what is happening today or try to decide what will happen tomorrow, I look back"
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"The moving finger writes, and having written moves on. Nor all thy piety nor all thy wit, can cancel half a line of it"
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"Living Life Tomorrow's fate, though thou be wise, Thou canst not tell nor yet surmise; Pass, therefore, not today in vain, For it will never come again"
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"Be happy for this moment. This moment is your life"
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"A hair divides what is false and true"
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"You know, my friends, with what a brave carouse I made a Second Marriage in my house; favored old barren reason from my bed, and took the daughter of the vine to spouse"
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"There was a door to which I found no key: There was the veil through which I might not see"
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"The thoughtful soul to solitude retires"


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