Arthur Balfour Biography
|Born as||Arthur James Balfour|
|Born||July 25, 1848|
East Lothian, Scotland
|Died||March 19, 1930|
Fisher's Hill, Surrey, England
Arthur James Balfour was a British statesman born upon July 25, 1848, at Whittingehame Home, Scotland. He was the 2nd boy of James Maitland Balfour, a Scottish landowner, as well as Girl Blanche Gascoyne-Cecil, sibling of Robert Cecil
, third Marquess of Salisbury - the British Head Of State of the time.
Balfour was educated in your home by private tutors before going to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he gained an excellent level in Natural Sciences. After University, he started working at his household's estate in Scotland, yet soon came to be thinking about national politics, as well as in 1874, he was elected as a Conservative member of parliament for the Hertfordshire constituency.
During his time in Parliament, Balfour held several popular settings in the Conservative government, including Chief Secretary for Ireland, President of the Board of Trade, and Secretary for Scotland. In 1902, he came to be Leader of your home of Commons as well as was selected as the next Prime Minister in 1902 after the resignation of Salisbury.
Balfour's four-year term in workplace was marked by numerous substantial occasions, including the 1904 Entente Cordiale between Britain and also France as well as the 1906 Education Act. Nevertheless, his government faced criticism for its handling of the Boer War as well as its support for the Chinese Exclusion Act targeted at limiting Chinese movement to Britain's swarms.
After his resignation in 1905, Balfour continued to play a significant function in British politics. In 1915, he returned to the Cabinet as First Lord of the Admiralty during World War I, but he was replaced in 1916 following the disastrous Battle of Jutland.
Balfour's most substantial payment to British politics, however, came in 1917 when, as Foreign Secretary, he issued the Balfour Declaration supporting the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. This affirmation had far-ranging effects for the Middle East and also stays a controversial problem to this day.
Balfour retired from politics in 1922 however remained to being in your home of Lords as the Earl of Balfour. He remained energetic in public life, working as Chancellor of the University of Cambridge and also as President of the Royal Society. He died on March 19, 1930, at Fisher's Hill, his estate in Surrey, England, at the age of 81.
Arthur Balfour was a substantial number in British national politics who left a long lasting heritage through his contributions to international and also domestic plan. His name will certainly permanently be associated with the Balfour Declaration, which had significant repercussions both for the Middle East and also for the Jewish and Palestinian people.
Our collection contains 8 quotes who is written / told by Arthur.
Related authors: Robert Cecil (Public Servant), Stanley Baldwin (Statesman), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
Source / external links: