Joseph Pulitzer Biography
Joseph Pulitzer, an introducing American reporter, newspaper publisher, as well as benefactor, was born on April 10, 1847, in Mako
, Hungary (currently part of Romania). His parents, Fülöp (Philip) Pulitzer and also Elize (née Berger), were of Jewish and Catholic descents respectively. At the age of 17, after being turned away from different European military services, Pulitzer made his way to the United States of America in 1864 as a hire for the Union Army throughout the American Civil War.
After the end of the battle, Pulitzer sought job as a railroad laborer and also ultimately relocated to St. Louis, Missouri. His etymological abilities-- fluency in English, German, as well as French-- captured the interest of Carl Schurz
, a prominent German-American person as well as the editor of the German-language everyday, Westliche Post. Pulitzer was worked with as a reporter and also started his illustrious journalism career.
In 1871, Joseph Pulitzer married Katherine "Kate" Davis, a respected institution instructor from St. Louis. The couple had seven children - 6 little girls as well as one kid. Nevertheless, disaster struck when their kid, Ralph Pulitzer, killed himself in 1915.
Pulitzer's initial foray into newspaper ownership came when he purchased a having a hard time magazine, the St. Louis Dispatch, and combined it with the St. Louis Evening Post to create the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1878. Under Pulitzer's management, the newspaper became a cornerstone of investigatory journalism and fearless coverage as it subjected corruption and also social problems. Advocating a solid content stance, Pulitzer's approach to journalism brought about the success and also success of the Post-Dispatch, which continues to be a leading publication in the area today.
In 1883, Pulitzer expanded his paper realm by buying the financially having a hard time New York World. Among his most considerable hires for the World was well known investigative journalist Nellie Bly
, who is best recognized for her brave 72-day trip around the world and her exposé of the problems at the Women's Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell's Island (currently Roosevelt Island) in New York City. Under Pulitzer's support, the paper's circulation escalated. The World acquired importance for its coverage of astonishing stories as well as headline-grabbing scandals, as well as it became the originator of yellow journalism-- a design identified by sensationalism, exaggeration, as well as little respect for truths-- which continues to affect modern-day tabloid journalism.
Although involved in a tough rivalry with fellow newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst
, Joseph Pulitzer remained a political force for the Democratic Party throughout his occupation. He served in the Missouri State Legislature and also later unsuccessfully ran for Congress. Pulitzer likewise took part in national Democratic conventions as well as was instrumental in sustaining Grover Cleveland's
Pulitzer accomplished substantial wide range from his endeavors into journalism and also printing. Nevertheless, his dramatically weakening vision required him to downsize his paper work considerably in his later years, though he still preserved a strong influence over his magazines' content.
In 1904, Pulitzer established the world's first institution of journalism at Columbia University in New York City by contributing a sum of $2 million. The organization later came to be known as the Pulitzer School of Journalism (now called the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism) and has generated several of the most prominent reporters worldwide.
Joseph Pulitzer died on October 29, 1911, aboard his personal yacht in Charleston, South Carolina. Just before his fatality, Pulitzer granted Columbia University with funds to develop the prestigious Pulitzer Prizes, which were initial awarded in 1917. The prizes commemorate accomplishments in American journalism, literary works, and music composition and also are carried out by the Pulitzer Board at Columbia University.
To conclude, Joseph Pulitzer's extraordinary life as well as introducing spirit left an enduring mark on the area of journalism in the United States. His dedication to social and political journalism, support for aspiring journalists, and also the facility of the Pulitzer Prizes make certain that his heritage continues to inspire and commemorate journalistic excellence for generations to find.
Our collection contains 9 quotes who is written / told by Joseph.
Related authors: William Randolph (Politician), Lucy Liu (Actress), Grover Cleveland (President), Carl Schurz (Revolutionary), Nellie Bly (Journalist), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete), William Randolph Hearst (Publisher), Mako (Actor)
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