Kim Il-sung Biography
|April 15, 1912
Mangyongdae, Pyongyang, North Korea
|July 8, 1994
Pyongyang, North Korea
Kim Il-sung, the founding leader and "Eternal President" of North Korea, was born on April 15, 1912, in a small village named Mangyongdae, near Pyongyang, in contemporary North Korea. His birth name was Kim Song-ju. Born right into a family members of moderate farmers, Kim's moms and dads projected anti-Japanese lobbyists who instilled strong nationalist and also political ideas in him.
Education as well as Anti-Japanese Struggle
Kim Il-sung attended a Chinese institution in Jilin, Manchuria, where his family members had actually cleared up after getting away from Japanese regulation in Korea. Here, he was exposed to the ideological backgrounds of communism and Marxism. In 1929, Kim signed up with the Korean Revolutionary Army as well as started his life as a guerrilla fighter against racial discrimination as well as Japanese colonial guideline.
With the 1930s, Kim led various guerrilla war the Japanese forces in Korea, as well as he climbed rapidly through the rankings. Throughout this time, he presented wonderful military management and played a substantial duty in the formation of the Chinese Communist Party's Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army.
Relationship with the Soviet Union
Kim Il-sung's reputation as an anti-Japanese competitor caught the attention of the Soviet Union, which offered support to the Chinese Communist Party throughout their struggle against Japan. With the break out of World War II, Kim's guerrilla forces teamed up with the Soviet Red Army, more implanting him right into the Soviet Union's circle of trust fund.
In 1940, Kim took on the name Kim Il-sung, which indicates "come to be the sun", signifying his management and dedication to the Korean cause. In 1945, adhering to the Japanese abandonment, the Soviet Union assisted mount Kim as the leader of the freshly developed Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).
Founding of North Korea and also the Korean War
Kim Il-sung ended up being the Prime Minister of North Korea in 1948, developing a Soviet-style one-party communist state, with him at the helm as its superior leader. He settled power via purges, imprisoning and also performing many viewed opponents, and promoted a cult of character around himself.
In 1950, preferring to reunify Korea under communist regulation, Kim Il-sung started the Korean War by getting into South Korea, with support from the Soviets. Nevertheless, US-led United Nations forces interfered in behalf of South Korea, causing a bitter and also devastating three-year war. The battle finished in a standstill in 1953, with the Korean peninsula divided along the 38th parallel, which stays the limit between North as well as South Korea today.
Domestic Policies and also Juche Ideology
Throughout his policy, Kim Il-sung formulated and also pursued the Juche ideology, which emphasized self-reliance, nationwide independence, and the directing role of a private leader. This led to North Korea's isolation, extreme state control over the economy, as well as strict systems of residential surveillance as well as suppression.
Under Kim Il-sung's regulation, North Korea established a centrally prepared economic climate that focused on hefty industries and military investing, while standard demands of the population continued to be greatly unmet. Facilities, agriculture, as well as education shabby, resulting in poverty and food shortages.
Death and also Legacy
Kim Il-sung died on July 8, 1994, from a cardiac arrest. His death noted completion of an era of Cold War tyranny in North Korea, but his influence on the country remains quite to life. He was prospered by his son, Kim Jong-il, that continued the empire and increased the cult of character around the Kim family members.
Kim Il-sung is revered as the "Eternal President" and also the "Great Leader" in North Korea, with his picture and belief deeply embedded in North Korean culture. Under his policy, the country became one of the globe's most closed and also repressive states, with a long-term influence on international politics and local relations.
Our collection contains 10 quotes who is written / told by Kim.
Related authors: Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
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