Lester B. Pearson Biography
|Lester Bowles Pearson
|April 23, 1897
Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ontario
|December 27, 1972
Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson, born upon April 23, 1897, in Newtonbrook, Ontario, and passed away on December 27, 1972, in Ottawa, Ontario, was a prominent Canadian politician as well as statesman that played a substantial role in shaping the post-World War II order. As the 14th Head Of State of Canada from 1963 to 1968, Pearson is ideal kept in mind for his groundbreaking social as well as international plans that gained him widespread recognition and honor.
Pearson was born to a Methodist preacher, the Reverend Edwin Arthur Pearson, and his better half Anne Sarah, Lester was the sibling to Vaughan Whitier Pearson and Marmaduke Pearson. Because of his daddy's vocation, his family members moved Ontario numerous times during his childhood, which affected his perspective towards both the value of solution and also the significance of community.
Upon ending up high school, Pearson registered at Victoria College, after that a component of the University of Toronto. As World War I broke out, he got in the Canadian Army Medical Corps, briefly disrupting his research studies. After functioning as a clinical orderly in Greece as well as Egypt, Pearson moved to the Royal Flying Corps in England. A succeeding accident left him with a lifelong limp, ending his dreams of ending up being an expert athlete, yet additionally placing him on the course to political life.
In 1919, Pearson received his Bachelor of Arts level as well as started pursuing a Master of Arts level at the University of Toronto. He after that took place to Oxford University as a 1921-1923 Massey Fellow, where he completed his master's level in history. Throughout his time at the University, Pearson was energetic in sporting activities, specifically rugby and ice hockey.
Going back to Canada in 1924, Pearson wed Maryon Elspeth Moody, with whom he later on had two kids, Patricia and also Geoffrey. Pearson then began his expert job as a background speaker at the University of Toronto.
In 1927, Pearson transitioned from academia to public service, joining the Department of External Affairs. Pearson's capacity and persistence in foreign events quickly pushed him to greater positions within the Canadian diplomatic solution. He was sent as an initial assistant to Canada House in London, UK, from 1935 to 1941.
Pearson's diplomatic abilities were further showed during World War II when he became important in arranging assistance for the Canadian war initiative. He was awarded the placement of Canada's ambassador to the United States in 1945.
His diplomacy skills played a crucial function during the 1956 Suez Crisis when he recommended the facility of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) to settle the problem. His proposal to have a peacekeeping force to support the region won him the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize and also strengthened Canada's track record as a peacekeeping country. Pearson was the very first Canadian to win the respected honor.
In 1958, Pearson came to be the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, eventually becoming the 14th Prime Minister of Canada in 1963. During his period as Prime Minister, Pearson's federal government introduced lots of innovative social policies and reforms, including the Canada Pension Plan, Medicare, across the country broadcasting through the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the Order of Canada, as well as adopting the striking brand-new Maple Leaf flag for Canada.
Pearson's leadership design was noted by collaboration as well as nerve as he sought to nurture lasting partnerships with worldwide and domestic partners, consisting of the likes of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, President John F. Kennedy
, and French President Charles de Gaulle
In 1968, after offering his term as Prime Minister, Pearson retired from national politics, and was succeeded as leader of the Liberal Party by Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Post-retirement, Pearson worked on his memoir, added to various scholastic institutions (consisting of Temple University and also Carleton University), and also remained to offer in different international tranquility and polite duties.
Lester B. Pearson died on December 27, 1972, in Ottawa, Ontario. His life's operate in diplomacy, peacekeeping, and social reform left an enduring mark on Canadian history and also sealed his location as one of Canada's the majority of appreciated political numbers.
Our collection contains 29 quotes who is written / told by Lester, under the main topic War
Related authors: Charles de Gaulle (Leader), John F. Kennedy (President), Paul Martin (Politician)
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