Ayatollah Khomeini Biography
|Ruhollah Mostafavi Musavi
|May 17, 1900
|June 3, 1989
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was a noticeable Shia cleric and also the leader of the 1979 Iranian Transformation. Birthed in the city of Khomein in main Iran in 1902, Khomeini studied Shia Islamic theology in Qom and also Najaf in Iraq. He turned into one of the leading Islamic scholars of his time, prized for his traditional theological views and also his tough resistance to the shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
Khomeini's political views earned him the rage of Pahlavi's routine, and also he was exiled from Iran several times over the course of his life. His most popular duration of exile was in the 1970s, when he resided in Najaf and after that Paris, remaining to perturb for the topple of the shah. His suggestions concerning the function of Islam in politics and also society came to be progressively prominent among Iranian opposition teams, as well as by the mid-1970s he was commonly recognised as the token of the Iranian opposition.
When the shah was overthrown in 1979, Khomeini returned to Iran as the leader of the new Islamic Republic. He rapidly established a theocratic program, with himself as Supreme Leader, and started enforcing Islamic regulation, suppressing dissent, as well as seeking an aggressive foreign policy.
Despite his controversial plans as well as tyrannical propensities, Khomeini stayed a widely popular number in Iran and in the larger Muslim world up until his death in 1989. His tradition has actually been the subject of intense dispute, with some viewing him as an enthusiast that led a popular revolution to topple an overbearing regimen, and also others seeing him as a spiritual activist that established Iran on a harmful, authoritarian course.
Khomeini was surrounded by a variety of influential figures throughout his life, both within Iran and in the broader Islamic globe. Among his closest allies was Ali Khamenei, that succeeded him as Supreme Leader as well as stays because setting today. Other vital figures consisted of Abolhassan Banisadr, Iran's initial post-revolutionary president, and Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, that served as Khomeini's primary advisor and helped draft the Islamic Republic's constitution.Outside Iran, Khomeini was able to build connections with a number of significant figures, including the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat
, the Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, and also the leader of Lebanon's Hezbollah movement, Hassan Nasrallah
. His influence expanded far beyond Iranian boundaries, and also he continues to be a vital number in the history of Islam and also the Center East to this particular day.
Our collection contains 3 quotes who is written / told by Ayatollah.
Related authors: Hassan Nasrallah (Revolutionary), Yasser Arafat (Leader)
Source / external links: