Twelve Monkeys (1995)

Twelve Monkeys Poster

In the year 2035, convict James Cole reluctantly volunteers to be sent back in time to discover the origin of a deadly virus that wiped out nearly all of the earth's population and forced the survivors into underground communities. But when Cole is mistakenly sent to 1990 instead of 1996, he's arrested and locked up in a mental hospital. There he meets psychiatrist Dr. Kathryn Railly, and patient Jeffrey Goines, the son of a famous virus expert, who may hold the key to the mysterious rogue group, the Army of the 12 Monkeys, thought to be responsible for unleashing the killer disease.

Introduction and Setting
The 1995 film "Twelve Monkeys" is a dystopian science fiction thriller directed by Terry Gilliam, featuring stars Brad Pitt and Bruce Willis. The movie is affected by Chris Marker's 1962 short film "La Jetée", and covers styles such as time travel, fate, insanity, and human near-extinction.

Plot Overview
In the year 2035, James Cole (Bruce Willis), a convict, volunteers to be returned in time by researchers to recover a pure virus sample. The virus, released in 1996, wiped out most of mankind, requiring survivors to live underground. The scientists intend to study the infection in its unmutated type to establish a cure.

Nevertheless, Cole is mistakenly sent to 1990, where he lands in a crazy asylum. There, Cole fulfills psychiatrist Dr. Kathryn Railly (Madeleine Stowe) and patient Jeffrey Goines (Brad Pitt), the eccentric boy of a virologist. Cole, viewed as delusional about his claims of time travel and upcoming doom, struggles to convince Dr. Railly.

Revealing the Mystery
Upon his go back to 2035, Cole is returned to 1996 with more precise estimations. Now thinking him, Dr. Railly assists Cole in his mission. They learn that Jeffrey Goines, utilizing his father's resources, has actually formed the 'Army of The Twelve Monkeys', which they believe is accountable for releasing the virus.

As their examination advances, Cole starts to question his understandings, sustained by Railly's theory about time travel being an impression provoked by Cole's post-apocalyptic life.

Climax and Conclusion
In an extreme turn, they discover that the 'Army of The Twelve Monkeys' is only accountable for a safe animal rights act. Just as they are relieved, they experience the actual offender, a lab assistant from Goines' dad's lab, who coincidentally boards the exact same flight as them with the deadly infection.

As Cole challenges the assistant, he is shot and eliminated by the police, similar to Cole's recurring dream, a vibrant circumstances of witnessing a man's airport murder. Concurrently, in a heart-wrenching twist, a young James Cole is also shown to be present at the airport, linking that he has been the witness to his future death the whole time. As the genuine plotter leaves on the airplane, the motion picture concludes with the ruthless course of annihilation set in movement.

Themes and Interpretation
"Twelve Monkeys" weaves a complicated narrative around predestination paradox and the inevitability of fate. It uses Gilliam's distinct style of providing grim and unconventional truths, while injecting dark humour throughout. The movie employs the idea of mental illness as a recurring theme to blur the thin line between madness and peace of mind, making the audience question the dependability of Cole's experiences and narration.

Overall, the film is an engaging mix of dystopia, thriller, and tragedy, leaving the audiences with disturbing thoughts about humankind's future in the face of unattended clinical improvement.

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