"Commentarii de Bello Gallico", or "Commentaries on the Gallic Wars", is an account composed by Julius Caesar chronicling his 9 years of war waged against the Gallic tribes in contemporary France, Belgium, and Switzerland between 58-50 BC. This historic story offers not only as an eyewitness testimony of Caesar's army conquests but additionally as a political tool to justify his actions and bolster his reputation as an experienced armed forces commander back in Rome. The job is understood for its succinct, simple, as well as basic design, making it available to a wide target market.
Framework and Content
The "Commentarii de Bello Gallico" contains seven publications, each covering one year of the Gallic Wars. An eighth book was added by among Caesar's policemans, Aulus Hirtius, as well as narrates the occasions of the last year, 51 BC. The narrative flows chronologically, with periodic digressions to provide geographical or ethnographic details on the Gauls, Germans, and also Britons-- individuals of certain rate of interest to Caesar's Roman audience.
Reserve 1: Conquest of the Helvetii and also Ariovistus (58 BC)
Caesar recounts how he undertook his initial armed forces project in Gaul upon finding out that the Helvetii, a Gallic people, were intending to move westward, which would bring them perilously near the Roman Province. He successfully halted their migration as well as required them to go back to their homeland. He then transformed his focus to Ariovistus, a Germanic king that had actually been invited right into Gaul by a local faction however had given that developed himself as a despot. Despite overwhelming chances as well as tactical problems, Caesar handled to beat him as well as force his retreat back to Germany, claiming a considerable triumph.
Book 2: The Belgae Campaign (57 BC)
Caesar transferred to counter a prospective hazard from the Belgae, the Gauls' fiercest northern next-door neighbors. After protecting alliances with local people, he crossed the River Aisne as well as introduced a successful war the numerous Belgic people. One of the most popular interaction was the Siege of the Nervii, in which Caesar narrowly prevented calamity many thanks to his personal treatment as well as outstanding management, which he stresses in his work.
Reserve 3: Western Gaul (56 BC)
Caesar turned his focus towards Western Gaul, where numerous tribes were regarded as hostile to the Roman Province. He successfully suppressed these people, including the Veneti, as well as developed control over the coast, permitting him to obtain supply deliveries by means of sea.
Schedule 4: Germanic Campaign as well as First Invasion of Britain (55 BC)
The publication begins with a brief campaign against Germanic tribes that had actually gone across the Rhine looking for new lands as well as resources. Caesar after that launched the very first of his 2 intrusions of Britain. Having developed a beachhead, he came across strong resistance from the indigenous Britons led by Cassivellaunus. Although the British campaign was inconclusive, he withdrew his troops and proclaimed victory after striking a manage his opponents.
Book 5: Revolt of the Eburones and Second Invasion of Britain (54 BC)
Caesar provides a quick account of his second invasion of Britain, which achieved a lot more substantial success than his initial attempt. He after that concentrates on the rebellion of the Eburones, a Gallic people led by Ambiorix, who almost damaged a whole Roman myriad. Although Caesar took care of to save the residues of his army, he was unable to fully control the Eburones.
Schedule 6: Germanic Campaign as well as Gauls (53 BC)
In this book, Caesar information his war Germanic tribes, during which he famously built a bridge over the Rhine to demonstrate Roman armed forces power and design prowess. It likewise provides ethnographic summaries of the Gauls' culture as well as personalizeds, including their druidic religion.
Book 7: Revolt of Vercingetorix (52 BC)
The climax of the "Commentarii de Bello Gallico" narrates the greatest Gallic rebellion against Roman regulation, led by the charming chieftain Vercingetorix. Caesar lays out the difficulties he faced due to the revolt, including the siege of Gergovia and the infamous Battle of Alesia, where he finally beat as well as captured Vercingetorix.
Schedule 8: Conclusion (51 BC)
In the last book, Aulus Hirtius explains the final mopping-up operations conducted by Caesar's legates versus the remaining pockets of resistance in Gaul. In general, the "Commentarii de Bello Gallico" paints a brilliant image of the world past Rome, along with an extensive as well as engaging representation of Caesar's army brilliant and also political acumen, a work that has actually added to his long-lasting fame and impact in background.
Commentarii de Bello Gallico
Commentarii de Bello Gallico is Caesar's firsthand account of his nine years of war in Gaul, written as a third-person narrative. It provides a record of his campaigns and serves as a source of information about the Gallic War.
Author: Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar, the Roman military leader, author, and dictator who transformed the Roman Republic into the Empire. Explore his biography, quotes, and more.
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