Arthur Holly Compton was an American physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 "for the discovery of the effect which was subsequently named after him." He shared the prize with CTR Wilson, who received it for his method to make the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of steam.
Compton took the philosophical doctorate in 1916 and became a teacher of physics at the University of Michigan the same year. He was employed at Westinghouse lamp co. in the period 1917-19 and committing scientific study at the University of Cambridge in 1990-20. Between 1920-23 he was professor at Washington University and from 1923 at the University of Chicago.
Compton did considerable work in many areas of physics, especially nuclear physics. Among other things, he performed the wavelength determination of hard gamma rays. By sending photons to electrons, he could show how the electrons moved and that the light had been given a new wavelength. This will be in 1923 known as the Compton effect, which later led to the Nobel Prize in physics. Compton also succeeded in showing that X-rays, in the same way as ordinary light could totalreflekteres, and he was the first diffraction grating used with success for the absorption of røntgenspektre.
Compton was in 1954 appointed to the German order Pour le Mérite für Wissenschaften und Künste.
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