Benjamin Rush Biography

Benjamin Rush, Scientist
BornDecember 24, 1745
Byberry, Province of Pennsylvania, British America
DiedApril 19, 1813
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Aged67 years
Early Life and Education And Learning
Benjamin Rush was born on January 4, 1746, in Byberry Township, Pennsylvania, to a family of farmers. His moms and dads were John Rush, a popular gunsmith and farmer, and also Susanna Harmer Rush. Benjamin was the 4th of seven kids in his family members.

Rush started his education and learning at the Nottingham Academy in Maryland, where he mastered Latin as well as Greek. After the untimely end of his papa in 1751, his mother organized the household and sent out young Benjamin to the College of New Jersey (currently Princeton University) in 1759. In 1760, at the age of 14, Rush graduated with a Bachelor of Arts level.

He then enlisted at the University of Edinburgh to research medicine under the eminent Dr. William Cullen. During this duration, Rush likewise fulfilled and also researched with leading medical and also scientific numbers of the moment, such as Professors Joseph Black and also William Robertson. He finished his research studies in 1768, making a Doctor of Medicine degree.

Medical Career and also Innovations
Returning to the United States in 1769, Benjamin Rush started his medical technique in Philadelphia. Simultaneously, he was selected as the initial Chair of Chemistry at the College of Philadelphia, where he benefited 10 years. His improvements in clinical education and learning gained him the name, "the Father of American Psychiatry".

In 1774, Rush published his first publication, "An Enquiry into the Effects of Spirituous Liquors upon the Human Body, as well as Their Influence upon the Happiness of Society". The book revealed the risks of alcohol and supported for its restriction. He was also a supporter for the abolition of enslavement, mental wellness reform, public education, as well as women's education.

Throughout the American Revolutionary War, Rush acted as an area doctor in the Continental Army. He became the Surgeon General of the Middle Department of the Continental Army in 1777, where he fought to boost hygiene and medical treatment for soldiers. This experience permitted Rush to establish new medical theories, which later on ended up being debatable.

Nevertheless, a few of his medical technologies were widely accepted, even being adopted by the medical area. It was Benjamin Rush who presented the idea of "heroic medicine", which entails the aggressive use of therapies such as bloodletting, removing, and also throwing up to deal with health problems. While checked out with uncertainty today, this pioneering approach was prominent during Rush's time.

Political Achievements and the Founding Father
Besides his medical job, Rush was popular for his job as a social reformer, promoting for varied public issues such as the abolition of enslavement, spiritual resistance, as well as equivalent legal rights for females. In 1774, he joined the rural meetings in Philadelphia that inevitably led to the formation of the Continental Congress.

Rush's payments to the beginning of the United States were immense. As a participant of the Continental Congress, Rush was just one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Alongside his colleagues such as John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, as well as Thomas Jefferson, he played a substantial function in shaping the very early United States government.

Complying With the Revolutionary War, Rush was energetic in establishing the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery in 1787. He was likewise a member of the American Philosophical Society, and he played a significant role in the founding of Dickinson College in 1783.

Personal Life and Death
Benjamin Rush wed Julia Stockton, the daughter of Richard Stockton, a fellow signer of the Declaration of Independence, on January 11, 1776. The pair had 13 kids, however only 9 endured to their adult years. Rush was a passionate Presbyterian as well as remained to be associated with the church throughout his life.

On April 19, 1813, at the age of 67, Benjamin Rush passed away in Philadelphia from typhus high temperature. He was put to rest in the historical Christ Church Cemetery along with other popular figures such as Benjamin Franklin as well as Francis Hopkinson.

In summary, Benjamin Rush played an important function fit very early America through his contributions to the clinical area as an introducing medical professional, his social reform job, and his political influence as one of the founding papas of the United States. In spite of the debate surrounding a few of his concepts, his general effect stays considerable and also continues to motivate future generations.

Our collection contains 4 quotes who is written / told by Benjamin.

Related authors: Thomas Jefferson (President), Benjamin Franklin (Politician), Philo (Philosopher), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete), John Adams (President)

Benjamin Rush Famous Works:
Source / external links:

4 Famous quotes by Benjamin Rush

Small: Controversy is only dreaded by the advocates of error
"Controversy is only dreaded by the advocates of error"
Small: Scandal dies sooner of itself, than we could kill it
"Scandal dies sooner of itself, than we could kill it"
Small: Mirth, and even cheerfulness, when employed as remedies in low spirits, are like hot water to a frozen
"Mirth, and even cheerfulness, when employed as remedies in low spirits, are like hot water to a frozen limb"
Small: Liberty without virtue would be no blessing to us
"Liberty without virtue would be no blessing to us"