Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Biography
|Bjørnstjerne Martinius Bjørnson
|December 8, 1832
|April 26, 1910
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson was a Norwegian writer, dramatist, as well as poet. He was one of the most famous literary numbers of 19th-century Norway as well as is considered one of the "4 Greats" of Norwegian literature, together with Henrik Ibsen
, Jonas Lie, and also Alexander Kielland by Gyldendal posting
Parliament gave him salary in 1863, and in 1903 he came to be the very first Norwegian author that received the Nobel Prize in Literature. He is additionally referred to as the creator of Riksmål Society
Early Life as well as Education:
Bjørnson was born in Kvikne, a small village in the main part of Norway, as the child of a clergyman. His papa passed away when he was a kid, and also Bjørnson was increased by his mommy and two aunts. He attended a neighborhood school before signing up in the Oslo Cathedral School. He showed a very early skill for composing as well as published his very first poems in a regional newspaper when he was just 17 years of ages.
Bjørnson's literary career started in earnest when he was 23, with the magazine of his initial collection of rhymes, "Digte og sange" (Poems and also Songs). The book was popular as well as helped establish him as a rising literary talent. In the following years, he remained to release verse, in addition to essays and narratives, which were kept in mind for their patriotic styles and their exploration of Norwegian identification and background.
In 1857, Bjørnson composed his first play, "Mellem slagene" (Between the Battles), which was done at the Christiania Theatre. The play was a success, and also it marked the beginning of Bjørnson's lengthy as well as prominent career as a dramatist. Over the next numerous decades, he composed a number of plays that were thought about groundbreaking for their naturalistic style as well as their social objection, consisting of "En fallit" (A Bankruptcy) and also "De nygifte" (The Newlyweds).
One of Bjørnson's most renowned plays is "En hanske" (A Gauntlet), which premiered in 1883. The play is a critique of the double requirement that allowed males to have affairs outside of marriage while women were condemned for doing the exact same. It was debatable at the time yet is currently regarded as a classic of Norwegian literature.
In addition to his job as a playwright, Bjørnson also composed a number of books, consisting of "Arne" and also "Det flager i byen og på havnen" (The Heritage of the Kurts). He additionally remained to write verse throughout his occupation and also is known for his epic poem "Arnljot Gelline" as well as his hymn "Ja, vi elsker dette landet" (Yes, We Love This Country), which is now the national anthem of Norway.
Bjørnson was not only a writer however additionally an active participant in Norwegian national politics. He was a strong supporter for Norwegian independence from Sweden, which was attained in 1905, as well as he was a vital figure in the social movement known as the Norwegian nationwide romanticism, which looked for to advertise Norwegian language, culture, and identity.
Bjørnson was also involved in the peace movement and also was one of the coordinators of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, a team committed to promoting international collaboration and also solving disputes with diplomacy. In 1903, he was granted the Nobel Prize in Literature in acknowledgment of his contributions to literature and his efforts to promote tranquility as well as understanding amongst countries.
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson's literary as well as political tradition has actually had a lasting influence on Norwegian society as well as society. His plays, verse, and stories continue to be commonly reviewed as well as carried out, and also his advocacy for Norwegian independence and nationwide identity played an important function in shaping the country's history.
His initiatives to advertise global participation and peace via companies like the Inter-Parliamentary Union likewise continue to be relevant today. In acknowledgment of his contributions, there are several monoliths and also organizations called after him in Norway, consisting of the Bjørnsonhuset cultural center and the Bjørnson Festival, which commemorates Norwegian literary works as well as society.
Generally, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson was a significant figure in Norwegian literature and a champion of the country's cultural and also political self-reliance. His jobs remain to inspire readers and his legacy continues to be an integral part of Norwegian history and society.
Later on Life:
In his later years, Bjørnson dealt with health issue as well as spent a lot of his time traveling abroad for clinical therapy. He passed away in Paris on April 26, 1910, at the age of 77.
Our collection contains 7 quotes who is written / told by Bjørnstjerne, under the main topic Life
Related authors: Henrik Ibsen (Poet), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Famous Works:
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