Claus von Stauffenberg Biography
Early Life and Family
|Born as||Claus Philipp Maria Schenk|
|Known as||Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg|
|Born||November 15, 1907|
Jettingen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire
|Died||July 20, 1944|
Berlin, Nazi Germany
|Cause||Execution by firing squad|
Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg was born upon November 15, 1907 in Jettingen, Germany, to an aristocratic family of Swabian beginning. He was the 3rd of 4 boys born to Alfred Klemens Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg, an upper-level army policeman, and also his better half, Caroline, née von Üxor Schwenk von Stauffenberg.
He as well as his brother or sisters were raised in a deeply Catholic setting as well as were revealed to conventional military worths. Claus von Stauffenberg's great-grandfather had been an embellished police officer in Napoleon's Grande Armée, as well as his dad and uncles had all offered in the German Imperial Army throughout World War I.
Education as well as Early Military Career
Claus von Stauffenbe followed his household's military custom by joining the German Army in 1926. He attended military colleges in Berlin and also Munich, showing fantastic intellect and calculated acumen. Following his commission as a Second Lieutenant in 1930, Stauffenberg remained to move up the rankings; his commitment, professionalism and reliability, and also management did not go unnoticed by his superiors.
Resistance to the Nazi Regime
In the very early years of the Nazi regime, Claus von Stauffenberg showed partial support for Adolf Hitler's
nationalist and militaristic policies, as they appeared to straighten with his own conservative views. However, his deep commitment to conventional German values, his religious confidence, and also his disdain for the Nazis' inhumane actions as well as oppression of Jews, led him to transform against Hitler as well as his regime.
Plans to Overthrow Hitler
By 1942, Claus von Stauffenberg had actually established contact with the anti-Nazi resistance motion, which consisted of military policemans, political dissidents, and also civil slaves. As the Chief of Staff under General Friedrich Olbricht, Stauffenberg became deeply associated with the preparation and also implementation of different plots to topple Hitler.
Operation Valkyrie (July 20 Plot)
Claus von Stauffenberg played a main function in Operation Valkyrie; the strategy intended to assassinate Hitler by planting a bomb in the Wolf's Lair, Hitler's Eastern Front military head office in East Prussia. Stauffenberg, with direct accessibility to Hitler, was picked to plant the bomb.
On July 20, 1944, Stauffenberg participated in a meeting at the Wolf's Lair, where he surreptitiously positioned a brief-case consisting of the bomb under the meeting table, close to where Hitler was standing. He then left the space under the pretext of making a call. The bomb detonated, killing a few of those existing and dramatically hurting several others.
Nonetheless, because of some unpredicted scenarios, Hitler made it through the assassination effort with only small injuries. In the consequences, the accomplices' stroke of genius effort failed, as mass apprehensions as well as implementations of those involved took place, including General Friedrich Olbricht, whom Stauffenberg had actually functioned very closely with.
Arrest and Execution
Claus von Stauffenberg was arrested on July 21, 1944, after a stopped working attempted successful stroke at the Bendlerblock in Berlin. Together with several various other leading plotters, Stauffenberg dealt with a hastily convened court-martial headed by General Friedrich Fromm, bring about an instant death penalty. In the early hrs of July 21, 1944, Claus von Stauffenberg was carried out by firing squad at the age of 36. He was buried in an unmarked grave.
After World War II, Stauffenberg became commonly recognized as a sign of German resistance versus Adolf Hitler
and the Nazi regimen. Schools, streets, and also army barracks have actually been named after him. Ultimately, Claus von Stauffenberg's endure stand versus an overbearing regime works as a reminder of the relevance of ethical nerve and also resisting tyranny, also despite overwhelming misfortune.
Our collection contains 2 quotes who is written / told by Claus.
Related authors: Adolf Hitler (Criminal)
Source / external links: