David C. McClelland Biography

David C. McClelland, Psychologist
Born asDavid Clarence McClelland
BornMay 20, 1917
Mt. Vernon, New York State
DiedMarch 27, 1998
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Aged80 years
David C. McClelland (1917-1998) was an American psychologist, author, and educator, who made considerable contributions to the field of human motivation and social psychology throughout his career. He is commonly known for his work with the development of "requirement for success" and "n-ach" concepts.

David Clarence McClelland was born in Mount Vernon, New York, in 1917. He was the only child of Clarence Myron and also Lena McCarthy McClelland. After completing his education at Triton High School, he took place to study at Wesleyan University, where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1938. He then sought a master's level in psychology from the University of Missouri, finishing in 1939, adhered to by a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Yale University, under the guidance of renowned psychologist, Carl Hovland, in 1941.

McClelland began his job as a professor at Connecticut College for Women in 1941, ultimately making his way back to Wesleyan University as a professor in 1946. In 1956, he joined the faculty at Harvard University, where he would certainly spend most of his occupation. Throughout his time at Harvard, McClelland's work focused on recognizing the partnership between motivation, individuality, as well as accomplishment.

In the very early 1960s, McClelland introduced his Theory of Needs, which suggested 3 key motivations: the requirement for success (n-ach), the need for power (n-pow), and also the requirement for association (n-affil). His work with success inspiration attracted from earlier experimental findings on the thematic apperception examination (TAT), as well as shed light on how specific requirements, such as those for success, influence a person's actions as well as success in numerous ventures.

McClelland's work surpassed the realm of psychology and had a substantial impact on business behavior and also monitoring techniques. One useful application of his research study was a technique called "Management by Objectives", which helped business and organizations established and obtain measurable objectives by lining up individual inspirations with business requirements.

In addition to numerous journal articles and also book phases, McClelland authored several books, including "The Achieving Society" (1961), "Power: The Inner Experience" (1975), and "Human Motivation" (1985). These jobs not only added to the field of psychology however also formed the basis for more targeted applications in fields such as personnels and also business advancement.

Throughout his tenure at Harvard, McClelland mentored many trainees who would go on to end up being influential in their very own right, such as John Atkinson, David Winter, and associates like Henry A. Murray. In 1987, McClelland retired from Harvard University and became a teacher emeritus. However, he continued to instruct as well as perform research as a visiting teacher at Boston University and also later on as a study fellow in different establishments.

David C. McClelland died on March 27, 1998, at the age of 81. His lifelong commitment to recognizing the underlying dynamics of human inspiration and also actions left an enduring impact on the areas of social psychology, organizational behavior, as well as management. In addition to being kept in mind for his pioneering research study and concepts, McClelland's tradition likewise lives on via the several successful students he assisted form throughout his prominent occupation.

Our collection contains 1 quotes who is written / told by David.

Related authors: John Atkinson (Judge), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)

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1 Famous quotes by David C. McClelland

Small: The outstanding people realized that the job involved more than just writing a good strategic plan.
"The outstanding people realized that the job involved more than just writing a good strategic plan. It was also important that top management should understand the plan and be prepared to adopt it"