Diosdado Macapagal Biography
Diosdado Macapagal was a noticeable Filipino political leader and statesman that functioned as the President of the Philippines from 1961 to 1965. He was born upon September 28, 1910, in Lubao, Pampanga, Philippines, to Urbano Macapagal and Romana Pangan. Macapagal was the secondly of 4 children in the household.
Macapagal began his education at age five and participated in a public institution in Lubao. He graduated from high school at the age of 16 as well as took place to research at the University of the Philippines. He made a degree in Bachelor of Arts in 1932 and also a regulation level in 1936. After passing the bar examination, he worked as a lawyer as well as prosecutor prior to going into politics.
In 1949, Macapagal won a seat in the Philippine Congress as a rep for the first area of Pampanga. He promptly established himself as a reform-minded political leader that promoted the passions of the poor and also oppressed. In 1953, he was chosen to the Philippine Senate, where he served until 1961.
During his time in the Senate, Macapagal emerged as one of the leading voices of the resistance to President Carlos Garcia's administration. He criticized Garcia's economic policies and accused him of corrupt methods. In 1961, Macapagal ran against Garcia in the presidential election as well as won by a significant margin.
As president, Macapagal pursued an ambitious program of financial as well as social reforms. He released the "Austerity Program" to deal with the nation's budget deficit and also stabilize its funds. He likewise executed land reform plans focused on addressing prevalent destitution and also inequality in the countryside. In 1962, he signed into legislation the Agricultural Land Reform Code, which developed a system of renter possession of farming land.
Macapagal additionally looked for to improve the nation's connections with its next-door neighbors as well as the worldwide neighborhood. He went after a policy of "nationwide self-reliance" and looked for to decrease the Philippines' dependancy on foreign help and financial investment. In 1963, he developed polite relationships with China, breaking with the United States' plan of control versus the communist nation.
Regardless of his several accomplishments, Macapagal faced placing objection as well as opposition in the direction of completion of his presidency. His regarded timidity and also absence of charm were seen as weaknesses, and also he encountered obstacles from within his own political celebration. In the governmental election of 1965, he lost to Ferdinand Marcos.
After leaving workplace, Macapagal remained to play an active role in Philippine national politics. He served as ambassador to the United States from 1969 to 1971 and also competed president once again in 1969, yet was beat by Marcos. He later on came to be a singing movie critic of Marcos' tyrannical program as well as played a famous function in the "People Power" activity that fell Marcos in 1986.
Macapagal passed away on April 21, 1997, at the age of 86. He is born in mind as a champion of freedom, social justice, and economic progress in the Philippines. His tradition lives on through his numerous accomplishments, including his landmark land reform plans as well as his initiatives to improve the Philippines' standing in the world.
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Related authors: Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (President), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
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