Fridtjof Nansen Biography
|Born as||Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen|
|Born||October 10, 1861|
Store Frøen, Christiania, Norway
|Died||May 13, 1930|
Polhøgda, Lysaker, Norway
Fridtjof Nansen was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, mediator, and also altruistic. Born in Oslo, Norway on October 10, 1861, Nansen was the fourth youngster of Baldur Fridtjof Nansen, a legal representative and also judge, and Adelaide Johanne Thekla Isidora Augusta Pihl, a homeowner.
Nansen's early youth was marked by his love for nature as well as the outdoors. He was an achieved skier and also an eager seeker, commonly venturing right into the woodlands and also hills around his home in search of journey. As a boy, Nansen studied zoology and also physiology at the University of Oslo, where he also excelled in athletics and also belonged to the rowing group.
Nansen's interest in the Arctic began in the late 1880s, when he signed up with an expedition to Greenland led by Norwegian explorer Otto Sverdrup. The harsh conditions and also severe isolation of the Arctic attracted Nansen, and also he became figured out to explore this remote and also mysterious area himself.
In 1893, Nansen established out on a strong and also audacious plan: to ski throughout the Arctic ice cap from west to east. He created a new sort of sled for the trip, which was light and flexible sufficient to browse the treacherous surface, and chose a small team of competent skiers to accompany him.
Despite many setbacks and also challenges, including the loss of one of his staff member, Nansen as well as his team finished the expedition in a spectacular 15 months. They had traveled greater than 1,900 miles across the Arctic, living off the land and also battling illness, frostbite, and also fatigue at every step.
Nansen's Arctic expedition made him an international star, and also he utilized his newly found popularity to support for Arctic scientific research as well as exploration in addition to a new humanitarian cause: the circumstances of refugees. In the after-effects of World War I, countless people were displaced and also homeless, and also Nansen saw an opportunity to use his diplomacy and also competence to aid them.
He worked tirelessly to create a brand-new company, the International Red Cross, which gave help as well as support to refugees throughout Europe and beyond. Nansen also developed an unique and innovative system of identification as well as travel records for stateless evacuees, referred to as the "Nansen Passport", which allowed them to take a trip as well as operate in other nations without worry of oppression.
Nansen's payments to scientific research, exploration, and humanitarianism were vast and also varied. Along with his Arctic exploration and refugee job, he was a highly regarded researcher, a gifted writer and artist, as well as a dedicated public slave. He worked as Norway's ambassador to Great Britain, was an energetic participant of the League of Nations, and also briefly worked as his country's head of state.
Unfortunately, Nansen passed away on May 13, 1930, at the age of 68, following an unexpected stroke. Nonetheless, his heritage survived on, and his payments to scientific research, expedition, as well as humanitarianism remained to influence generations of Norwegians and also individuals all over the world. Today, he is remembered as one of Norway's best children as well as among one of the most amazing individuals of the 20th century.
Our collection contains 6 quotes who is written / told by Fridtjof.
Related authors: Roald Amundsen (Explorer), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
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