Hernando Cortez Biography

Known asHernan Cortes
SpouseDoña Juana de Zúñiga
Born1485 AC
Medellin, Extremadura, Spain
Died1547 AC
Castilleja de la Cuesta, Spain
CauseNatural Causes
Early Life and also Background
Hernando Cortez, likewise called Hernán Cortés, was born in 1485 in the community of Medellín, in the Castile area of Spain. He was born right into a noble household, the kid of Don Martín Cortés de Monroy and Doña Catalina Pizarro Altamirano. Although his family had noble origins, they were not rich. However, Cortez received an excellent education and learning, examining at the University of Salamanca, where he was revealed to Latin, law, and also faith.

Journey to the New World
In 1504, at the age of 19, Cortez decided to travel to the New World trying to find experience and fortune. He joined the exploration led by Nicolás de Ovando, the newly selected guv of Hispaniola (contemporary Dominican Republic as well as Haiti). Upon his arrival on the island, he occupied numerous work like farming as well as working as a notary.

In 1511, Cortez joined an exploration led by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar to overcome the island of Cuba. Because of his exceptional abilities, he was quickly promoted within the rankings as well as was gifted land and also native slaves by Velázquez. By 1514, Cortez had actually ended up being a rich noble and also was assigned the mayor of Santiago, Cuba.

Expedition to Mexico
In 1518, Cortez was chosen to lead an expedition to explore and dominate the landmass of Mexico. Diego Velázquez originally sustained the expedition yet later revoked Hernan Cortez's charter as a result of personal conflicts in between the two. Cortez, established to proceed, disregarded Velázquez's order and also set sail for Mexico in 1519 with 11 ships as well as regarding 500 males, including seafarers, soldiers, as well as servants.

Experience with the Aztecs
Upon his arrival in Mexico, Cortez ran into numerous native tribes and also allied himself with them, consisting of the Totonacs as well as the Tlaxcalans. These tribes were adversaries of the Aztecs as well as aspired to overthrow the Aztec Empire, which was led by Emperor Moctezuma II. Cortez's pressure remained to expand as he marched in the direction of the Aztec resources of Tenochtitlan.

In November 1519, the Spanish pressures reached Tenochtitlan and also rated by Moctezuma as visitors. Nevertheless, connections between the Spaniards as well as the Aztecs rapidly weakened. Being afraid an impending assault, Cortez took Moctezuma as a captive, successfully regulating the Aztec Empire through their captive emperor.

The Fall of the Aztec Empire
In 1520, an additional pressure of Spanish troops, under the command of Pánfilo de Narváez, arrived in Mexico with orders from Diego Velázquez to nab Cortez. Cortez left Tenochtitlan to face Narváez and also beat his pressures. In the meantime, tensions in Tenochtitlan reached a boiling point because of the severe treatment of Moctezuma and the harsh reductions of the regional population.

Upon Cortez's return to Tenochtitlan, the Spanish forces were struck by the Aztec population in what came to be called La Noche Triste (The Sad Night). The Spaniards were compelled to leave the city, as well as Moctezuma was eliminated during the problem. The Spanish pulled back to Tlaxcala, where they restructured their pressures and obtained extra indigenous allies to strike the Aztec Empire once again.

In 1521, Cortez returned to Tenochtitlan and also laid siege to the city. After months of tough battling, the city fell on August 13, 1521, noting completion of the Aztec Empire. Cortez was named the Governor and also Captain-General of New Spain, which introduced a brand-new age of Spanish emigration in Mexico.

Later Life as well as Death
Following his occupation of Mexico, Hernando Cortez continued to participate in army interactions as well as expedition. He overcame the Honduras in 1524, and also in 1528, he went back to Spain to defend himself versus accusations of misbehavior in his management of Mexico. King Charles V justified him and bestowed upon him the title of Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca.

Cortez returned to Mexico in 1530 as well as continued to discover regions in the Gulf of California as well as Baja California. Nevertheless, he was removed from his setting as Governor of New Spain in 1535 due to conflicts with the Spanish royal court.

Hernando Cortez returned to Spain for the last time in 1541 and lived the rest of his life in loved one obscurity. He died in Castilleja de la Cuesta, near Seville, on December 2, 1547, leaving an intricate heritage as both a brutal conqueror as well as an experienced diplomat and army strategist whose activities played a significant function in shaping the course of background in the Americas.

Our collection contains 3 quotes who is written / told by Hernando.

Related authors: Charles V (Royalty), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)

Hernando Cortez Famous Works:
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3 Famous quotes by Hernando Cortez

Small: I love to travel, but hate to arrive
"I love to travel, but hate to arrive"
Small: He travels safest in the dark night who travels lightest
"He travels safest in the dark night who travels lightest"
Small: We Spaniards know a sickness of the heart that only gold can cure
"We Spaniards know a sickness of the heart that only gold can cure"