Kenji Miyazawa Biography
|August 27, 1896
Hanamaki, Iwate, Japan
|September 21, 1933
Hanamaki, Iwate, Japan
Kenji Miyazawa was born on August 27, 1896, in Hanamaki, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. He was a popular author, poet, and teacher, who made considerable payments to Japanese literary works during the very first fifty percent of the 20th century. Mainly understood for his kids's literature and poetry, Miyazawa was a prolific author who deeply affected succeeding generations of Japanese authors and thinkers.
Miyazawa was born right into a well-to-do family members, that owned a pawnbroking service and a huge tract of land. His daddy, Masajirō Miyazawa, was a successful business owner, while his mom, Ichi, supported his love for nature and the arts. He was the eldest kid and also had four brother or sisters: a brother called Seiroku as well as 3 siblings called Toshi, Kanoko, as well as Chiyo.
Miyazawa's very early education and learning was heavily affected by a combination of Zen Buddhist concepts and also Christian mentors. Although he enrolled in agricultural school, his love for literary works and verse remained to prosper. Throughout his teenage years, Miyazawa came to be a participant of a literary team called "Shirakaba-ha" (White Birch Society) which was concentrated on creating contemporary Japanese literary works that showed the country's innovation and Western influences.
Upon his college graduation from Morioka Agricultural and Forestry College (presently called Iwate University) in 1916, Miyazawa started functioning as an educator at different agricultural schools. It was also during this duration that he came into call with numerous modern farming motions, which influenced his career choices and also direction of his writings.
Following the death of his precious sibling, Toshi, in 1922, Miyazawa understood the relevance of pursuing his desires and started becoming a professional author. His first verse collection, "Haru to Shura" (Spring and also Asura), was published in 1924. Consisting of both novelistic stories as well as complimentary knowledgeable, the collection was a statement to his unique vision and also deeply affected modern-day Japanese poetry. Many of his works drew greatly from his country training, including motifs of nature, agriculture, as well as the hardships dealt with by rural farmers.
In spite of the industrial failure of "Haru to Shura", Miyazawa published among his most renowned kids's stories in 1927, "Ginga Tetsudō no Yoru" (Night on the Galactic Railroad). A magical story regarding a young kid who embarks on a cosmic journey aboard a train traversing the Milky Way, the tale has recorded the creative imagination of visitors throughout the world as well as been adjusted right into a cartoon animation, stage plays, as well as a manga series throughout the years.
While composing novels as well as verse, Miyazawa additionally continued to work with agricultural jobs in his home town, consisting of the establishment of a farm organization, the Rasuchijin Society, with the aim of enhancing the lives of local farmers. Furthermore, he took part in cultural activities and also community service, contributing to the betterment of his area.
Kenji Miyazawa succumbed to pneumonia on September 21, 1933, at the age of 37. Regardless of his fairly brief life, his influence on Japanese literature has actually been enormous, with his jobs obtaining wider acknowledgment and appreciation after his death. Today, Miyazawa continues to be among Japan's the majority of beloved literary numbers, and also his jobs continue to motivate readers as well as writers alike.
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