Queen Christina Biography
Early Life and Family
|December 8, 1626
Tre Kronor Castle, Stockholm
|April 19, 1689
Rome, Papal States
Christina Alexandra was born upon December 8, 1626, in Stockholm, Sweden, to King Gustav II Adolph of Sweden and his partner, Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg. Christina was the couple's only surviving kid, as her three older brother or sisters had all died in infancy.
Maturing, the young princess was surrounded by a variety of prominent figures, including her doting dad, who motivated her education and participation in politics. He died in battle when she was only six years of ages, leaving her as the heir to the Swedish throne. Christina's mom, on the other hand, was emotionally unsteady and had a hard relationship with her child.
Christina's regent, Axel Oxenstierna, had a significant effect on her life as well. He was a close consultant to her father and became accountable for governing Sweden until Christina came of age.
Education and Love for Art and Culture
From a young age, Christina revealed a keen interest in knowing and the arts. She was educated in a variety of fields, consisting of history, approach, mathematics, and languages. Christina was understood to have an extraordinary intellect and was tutored by a number of renowned scholars, consisting of the French theorist René Descartes.
The young queen was likewise an ardent client of the arts, inviting artists, musicians, and authors to her court. She became pals with several of them, including composer Heinrich Schütz and mathematician and philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.
Reign as Queen of Sweden
Christina ended up being Queen of Sweden at the age of 18, following the death of her daddy. Her reign started in 1644, and she soon ended up being an influential figure in European politics. She is understood for her efforts in bringing the Thirty Years' War to an end, culminating in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648.
During her reign, Christina faced several challenges, consisting of pressure to marry and produce a beneficiary. She was likewise frequently slammed for her extravagant way of life and her close relationships with female buddies, particularly Countess Ebba Sparre.
Abdication and Conversion to Catholicism
Despite her successes as queen, Christina ended up being significantly disillusioned with her role and the pressure to continue her family's legacy. In 1654, she surprised the world by relinquishing her position and converting to Catholicism-- a decision that was questionable, offered Sweden's strong Protestant tradition.
Upon her abdication, Christina's cousin, Charles X Gustav, took the Swedish throne. Christina moved to Rome, where she was warmly welcomed by Pope Alexander VII and became a prominent figure in the city's dynamic creative and intellectual neighborhood.
Later On Life and Death
In her later years, Christina made several attempts to regain a position of power within European politics, including a stopped working bid for the Polish crown. She eventually retired to Rome, where she continued to be an avid client of the arts and a renowned figure in intellectual circles.
Queen Christina passed away on April 19, 1689, in Rome, aged 62. She was at first buried in the Vatican grotto, however her remains were later relocated to the St. Peter's Basilica. Today, Christina is kept in mind for her contributions to art, culture, and intellectualism during her reign, in addition to her enigmatic, unconventional personality that challenged conventional norms of her time.
Our collection contains 2 quotes who is written / told by Queen.
Related authors: Philo (Philosopher), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
Source / external links: