Johann Gottfried von Herder Biography
Johann Gottfried von Herder was a prominent German philosopher, theologian, and also literary scholar born on August 25, 1744, in Mohrungen, East Prussia (contemporary Morag, Poland). Throughout his life, Herder made considerable payments to the areas of ideology, background, and also grammars. He is typically considered as a crucial figure of the Sturm und Drang motion, the German Romantic movement, and also a pioneer of cultural nationalism. Herder passed away on December 18, 1803, in Weimar, Germany.
Herder matured in a pious Lutheran household; his father was a schoolteacher as well as the sexton of the local church. In 1762, after completing his preliminary education, he relocated to Königsberg to study at the University of Königsberg, where he attended talks on various topics including regulation, medication, approach, and also faith. Throughout his time at the university, Herder ended up being a close affiliate of Immanuel Kant
, that had a substantial impact on his intellectual advancement.
Herder's concepts began to form during his years as a priest and educator. In 1764, he came to be a teacher at the cathedral school in Riga, Latvia, after that later on acted as the head pastor of the church in Riga from 1767 to 1769. He reached many Enlightenment pundits such as Johann Georg Hamann and Johann Caspar Lavater, whose concepts would certainly form the direction of his philosophic queries.
In 1769, Herder left Riga to start a trip to France however was forced to alter his training course due to the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish War. His journey took him via numerous German cities where he fulfilled important social numbers and gathered product for his philosophical works. One key figure he came across during his travels was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; they created a durable friendship and also intellectual partnership, which dramatically affected each other's work.
Among Herder's vital intellectual achievements was his advancement of the principle of the "Volksgeist" (Spirit of the Nation), a vital element of German Romanticism, which was rooted in his belief that each country had a special social identification that was totally bound to its language, background, as well as geographical place. To him, these social characteristics formed the moral, visual, as well as functional qualities of each country.
Herder's works on language as well as literature, such as "Fragmente über pass away neuere deutsche Literatur" (1767-- 1768), "Kritische Wälder oder Betrachtungen, pass away Wissenschaft und Kunst des Schönen betreffend" (1769), and "Abhandlung über den Ursprung der Sprache" (1772), showcased his passion in the complexities of human expression as well as the evolution of language. He also authored numerous historic and also philosophical works, including "Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit" (1784-- 1791), in which he recommended a new vision of world background that stressed the roles of cultural and also etymological variety fit human societies. He emphasized that every country had its own historic path that must be appreciated and also maintained, which enlightenment and development ought to arise from within.
Throughout his life, Herder held various academic and pastoral settings, culminating in his time as court preacher and member of the Privy Council in the court of the Duchess Anna Amalia of Saxe-Weimar, mother of Duke Karl August, in Weimar. Under her patronage, Herder's work flourished, and also he aided make Weimar the intellectual and also social center of Germany throughout the late 18th century.
At the core of Herder's considerable body of work lies an unique vision of humanity, stressing human dignity, diversity, and also the integral value of social practices. He was an enthusiastic advocate of the right of every people to establish their very own cultural identity as well as to gain from the splendor of the international human heritage. His phenomenal effect on German Romanticism, together with the influence of his idea on the later viewpoint of background and the nationwide awakening movements, has solidified Herder's legacy as one of the foundational numbers of contemporary German approach and also social theory.
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Related authors: Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (Writer), Immanuel Kant (Philosopher), Philo (Philosopher)