Muhammad Iqbal Biography
Early Life and Family
|November 9, 1877
Sialkot, Punjab, British India
|April 21, 1938
Lahore, Punjab, British India
Muhammad Iqbal was born upon November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, which was then a part of British India and is now in modern-day Pakistan. He was born into a Kashmiri however family of humble origins. His dad Shaikh Nur Muhammad was a tailor and a devout Muslim, and his mom Imam Bibi was a homemaker. Iqbal had 5 brother or sisters, and his family was understood for their deep spiritual dedication and their close-knit community ties.
Iqbal received his early education at the Scotch Mission College in Sialkot. He had a strong enthusiasm for knowledge and was seen as one of the brightest trainees in his city. In 1895, he took a trip to Lahore to study at Government College University, where he made a Bachelor of Arts degree. Throughout this time, Iqbal was presented to the works of the great European thinkers and thinkers, which shed a profound impact on his life and idea.
In 1905, Iqbal moved to England and registered in Trinity College, Cambridge, where he pursued a degree in Philosophy. He continued his education at the University of Munich, where he got a doctorate for his thesis on the advancement of metaphysics in Persia. Iqbal then went back to England and certified as a barrister from Lincoln's Inn in 1908.
Iqbal is mostly known for his exceptional contributions to Urdu and Persian poetry. His very first collection of poems, Asrar-e-Khudi, was published in 1915 in Persian, followed by Rumuz-e-Bekhudi in 1917. These works look into the philosophy of "self" and motivate people to discover their self-confidences. Iqbal emphasized the value of the individual's relationship with The Divine
A few of his other famous works include Bang-e-Dra, Zarb-e Kalim, Payam-e-Mashriq, and Bal-e-Jibril. His poetry is marked by its depth, passion, and intellectual rigor.
Iqbal is also referred to as Mufakkir-e-Pakistan (The Thinker of Pakistan) and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (The Sage of the Ummah). He was a strong supporter for the revival of Islamic thought and culture and was deeply influenced by the works of Rumi
, whose poetry and philosophy shaped Iqbal's views on life.
Political Vision and Inception of Pakistan
Iqbal was not just a poet and thinker however likewise an active politician. He was a strong advocate of the concept of a different homeland for Muslims in British India. In his popular Allahabad Address in 1930, Iqbal proposed the idea of an independent state for the Muslims of British India's North-Western region.
He went on to be elected as a member of the Punjab Legislative Council in 1926 and served as the president of the All India Muslim League in 1930. Iqbal's vision and intellectual work greatly affected the development of Pakistan, and he is remembered as one of the crucial designers of the nation.
Death and Legacy
Muhammad Iqbal passed away on April 21, 1938, in Lahore, British India (now Pakistan). His death was deeply mourned by his compatriots, who considered him among the pioneering figures of Islamic thought and the call for an independent homeland for Indian Muslims.
Iqbal's sustaining tradition stays apparent in Pakistan today, as his intellectual contributions are widely popular and his poetry is often quoted in political discourse. He is likewise regarded as Pakistan's national poet, and his birthday, November 9, is celebrated as Iqbal Day, a public vacation observed throughout the nation.
In summary, Muhammad Iqbal was a prominent poet, theorist, and political thinker who not only made enormous contributions to Urdu and Persian literature however likewise played a vital function in conceptualizing the concept of Pakistan. His life and works continue to inspire millions around the world.
Our collection contains 33 quotes who is written / told by Muhammad.
Related authors: Giulio Andreotti (Politician), Philo (Philosopher), Rumi (Poet), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete)
Muhammad Iqbal Famous Works:
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