Leon Trotsky Biography
|Lev Davidovich Bronstein
|October 26, 1879
Yelisavetgrad, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire
|August 21, 1940
Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico
Leon Trotsky, birthed Lev Davidovich Bronstein on November 7, 1879, in Yanovka, Ukraine, was a key Soviet political leader and Marxist revolutionary. Maturing in a household of prosperous farmers, Trotsky was introduced to revolutionary ideals during his teenage years. In 1896, he relocated to the city of Nikolaev in southern Ukraine, where he signed up with a group of young Marxists and also began his political trip.
In 1898, Trotsky was detained for his revolutionary tasks and also invested two years behind bars prior to being exiled to Siberia. It was throughout his incarceration that he took on the pseudonym 'Leon Trotsky,' a name borrowed from a notorious tsarist jailer. While in expatriation, Trotsky married Aleksandra Sokolovskaya, a fellow revolutionary, and also they had 2 children together. In 1902, Trotsky escaped Siberia using a phony passport as well as continued to Europe.
Throughout his time in Europe, Trotsky became accustomed with famous figures of the European socialist activity, consisting of Vladimir Lenin
, Julius Martov, as well as other Russian Marxists in exile. He joined the inceptive Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in 1903 but soon experienced ideological distinctions with Lenin and also came to be a participant of the event's Menshevik intrigue, supporting for a broad-based socialist union.
Trotsky returned to Russia for the 1905 revolution, where he played a main function in establishing the St. Petersburg Soviet of Workers' Deputies, a company devoted to working with employees' strikes and also political activities. Trotsky's leadership abilities came to the fore during this period, and also he got international acknowledgment for his role in the revolution. Following the collapse of the 1905 change, Trotsky was apprehended, locked up, and also later ousted to Siberia again. He left in 1907, reuniting with his family members and relocating to Europe, where he began working as a political journalist.
The outbreak of World War I located Trotsky in Switzerland where he became an outspoken anti-war activist. He kept his anti-war position and revolutionary fervor throughout the years of the war, at some point traveling to the United States in 1917 to continue promoting for worldwide socialism. After the February Revolution of 1917 and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II
in Russia, Trotsky went back to his homeland.
As soon as back in Russia, Trotsky joined the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, and played a crucial duty in the October Revolution of 1917, which brought about the production of the Soviet state. He ended up being a participant of the party's Central Committee as well as was selected People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs. In this ability, Trotsky led the Soviet delegation at the Brest-Litovsk peace negotiations, which formally finished Russia's participation in World War I.
In 1918, Trotsky was appointed People's Commissar for Military as well as Naval Affairs as well as commenced building the Red Army from the ground up. As the leader of the Red Army throughout the Russian Civil War, he was instrumental in safeguarding the Bolsheviks' triumph against the different anti-communist forces.
Nonetheless, following Lenin's death in 1924, Trotsky's political standing decreased, as he was progressively sidelined by Josef Stalin's raising control over the Communist Party. In 1927, Trotsky was removed from the celebration, and also in 1929, he was banished from the Soviet Union.
For the rest of his life, Trotsky lived in exile-- first in Turkey, after that in France, Norway, and also lastly, Mexico. Throughout his expatriation, Trotsky stayed politically energetic, writing extensively and promoting his analysis of Marxism-- called Trotskyism. Trotsky likewise continued to critique Stalin's guideline from abroad, becoming one of the toughest movie critics of the Soviet regimen.
On August 20, 1940, Trotsky was assassinated in Mexico City by Ramon Mercader, a Spanish communist who had actually infiltrated Trotsky's internal circle. Trotsky's political suggestions and also reviews of Stalin's regimen survived on through his fans, as well as his writings continued to affect Marxist idea long after his death.
Our collection contains 22 quotes who is written / told by Leon.
Related authors: Joseph Stalin (Leader), Frida Kahlo (Painter), Ho Chi Minh (Revolutionary), Nicholas II (Royalty), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete), Vladimir Lenin (Leader)
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