Jean-Paul Sartre Biography
Early Life and Education
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre was born on June 21, 1905, in Paris, France. His moms and dads, Jean-Baptiste and Anne-Marie Schweitzer, were both from notable families. Jean-Baptiste was a marine officer, while Anne-Marie came from the family of the popular physician Albert Schweitzer
. Tragically, Jean-Baptiste passed away when Sartre was simply over a year old. Anne-Marie then moved with her child to deal with her parents in Meudon, a Parisian suburb.
Growing up in a home filled with passionate conversations about literature, viewpoint, and music, Sartre established an early interest in intellectual pursuits. He participated in lycée, or secondary school, at the distinguished Lycée Henri-IV in Paris, where he mastered research studies and established a friendship with his future collaborator and competing philosopher, Simone de Beauvoir
. After completing the entryway tests, he was accepted into the elite École Normale Supérieure (ENS) in 1924. At ENS, Sartre studied philosophy and was exposed to the works of Immanuel Kant
, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
, and Søren Kierkegaard
In 1929, Sartre fulfilled Simone de Beauvoir
, a fellow student at the ENS. De Beauvoir would become his lifelong buddy, intellectual partner, and fellow philosopher. The 2 challenged and supported each other's intellectual pursuits throughout their lives.
The Second World War and Philosophical Development
In 1933, Sartre began a 1 year mentor stint at the French Institute in Berlin, where he was exposed to the ideas of theorists Edmund Husserl
and Martin Heidegger
. He was especially thinking about Husserl's phenomenology, a branch of viewpoint concentrated on the structures of subjectivity and awareness. Heidegger's existential viewpoint, on the other hand, stressed the significance of the individual's experience worldwide.
Upon his return to France in 1934, Sartre started to integrate these concepts into his own philosophical system. Over the next few years, he composed a variety of essays and books, consisting of "The Transcendence of the Ego" (1936) and "Being and Nothingness" (1943), the latter of which solidified his credibility as a popular existential philosopher.
Throughout World War II, Sartre served briefly in the French military before being recorded by German forces in 1940. He spent a year as a detainee of war prior to being launched in 1941. Going back to a Nazi-occupied Paris, he ended up being associated with the French Resistance and assisted discovered the underground journal "Les Lettres françaises". These wartime experiences further affected his philosophical ideas, resulting in a deep conviction in the power of human liberty and moral obligation.
Literary and Theatrical Works
In addition to his philosophical works, Sartre was also a prolific author of fiction, plays, and essays that engaged with his philosophical ideas. His literary works consist of "Nausea" (1938), a novel closely tied to his philosophical concepts about existentialism, and a highly regarded trilogy, "The Roads to Freedom" (1945-1949), which explored the complexities of specific liberty and obligation during World War II. He likewise composed many plays that tackled subjects of personal choice, principles, and the nature of human existence. Amongst his most famous plays are "No Exit" (1944), "The Flies" (1943), and "The Respectful Prostitute" (1946).
Later, Sartre made substantial contributions to literary criticism with the publication of "What Is Literature?" (1947) and "Saint Genet: Actor and Martyr" (1952), which analyzed the crossway in between literature and social structure.
Political Involvement and Commitment to Social Causes
Throughout his life, Sartre supported numerous leftist causes, including actively opposing France's colonial policies in Algeria and Vietnam. He promoted socialism and was associated with the formation of the revolutionary, radical, and temporary political group, the "French Workers and Peasants' Socialist Party", in 1947.
Sartre's growing political issues appeared in his later philosophical work, such as the unfinished multi-volume study, "Critique of Dialectical Reason" (1960). Highlighting the role of group dynamics in social progress, Sartre came to grips with questions of political action, individualism, and collectivism.
Tradition and Death
Jean-Paul Sartre's influence on 20th-century thought can not be overemphasized, with his works contributing to schools of thought in approach, literature, politics, and sociology. His function in crafting the concepts of existentialism set him among the most crucial thinkers of his time. However, some slam Sartre for his sometimes dogmatic method and viewed elitism.
On April 15, 1980, Sartre passed away in Paris, having lived an unstable, enthusiastic, and intellectually extensive life. Although his prominence has dimmed rather in the years given that his death, the enduring effect of his concepts makes sure that his tradition will continue to form conversations in various fields, both scholastic and popular, for years to come.
Our collection contains 59 quotes who is written / told by Jean-Paul, under the main topic Life
Related authors: Albert Schweitzer (Theologian), Immanuel Kant (Philosopher), Philo (Philosopher), Søren Kierkegaard (Philosopher), Nicola Abbagnano (Philosopher), Simone Weil (Philosopher), Simone de Beauvoir (Writer), Alice Koller (Writer), Lawrence Taylor (Athlete), Martin Heidegger (Philosopher)
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